The adoption of the 1907 agreement stimulated the arrival of “brides of images”, marriages of convenience concluded remotely by photographs.  By creating remote marital bonds, women who wanted to emigrate to the United States could obtain passports and Japanese workers in America could earn a partner of their own nationality.  As a result of this provision, which helped reduce the gender gap within the Community from a ratio of 7 men to every woman in 1910 to less than 2 to 1 by 1920, the Japan-U.S. population continued to grow despite the restrictions imposed by the Immigration Agreement. The gentlemen`s agreement was never enshrined in a law passed by the U.S. Congress, but was an informal agreement between the United States and Japan, adopted by unilateral measures by President Roosevelt. It was repealed by the Immigration Act of 1924, which legally prohibited all Asians from emigrating to the United States.  Let me begin by congratulating you on the neat chest and admirable temperament with which you went in the case of the treatment of the Japanese on the coast. I had a conversation with the Japanese ambassador before returning to Panama; read to him what I had to say in my annual message, which he was obviously very pleased about; and then told him that, in my opinion, the only way to avoid permanent friction between the United States and Japan was to limit as much as possible the movement of citizens from each country to the other to students, travelers, businessmen, etc. Since no American workers tried to enter Japan, it was necessary to prevent any immigration of Japanese workers – that is, of the coolie class – to the United States; that I seriously hoped that his government would prevent his coolies, all their workers, from coming either to the United States or hawaii. .